On Monday, the Iranian Parliament approved the death penalty for those guilty of carrying out an acid attack, a type of aggression that has been recorded with some frequency in recent years in Iran. After several years of debate, MEPs determined that capital punishment will be applied “in cases where the acid attack is intended to intimidate and create insecurity in society”.

The bill stipulates that this crime amounts to “corruption on earth,” a charge that Islamic jurisprudence generally punishes with hanging. A total of 161 deputies out of 245 present voted in favour of this measure, which now needs to be reviewed by the Council of Guardians to confirm Parliament’s bills coincide with Islamic law.

Parliamentary sources explained that the implementation of the law is expected in about two to three weeks, once approval is received from the Guardian Council. During the session of Parliament, reformist MP Tayebe Siavoshi showed a video of acid attack victims denouncing the ease of access to acid.

In this sense, the deputy proposed to “limit the purchase and sale of acid”, requiring identity documents to acquire this substance. The most serious acid attacks against women that came to light occurred in 2014, linked to the more conservative sectors of the regime and their struggle to impose morality. Multitudinous demonstrations were called in Iran and, as a result, the president of the country, Hasan Rohaní, assured that the authorities were going to punish these “horrible and inhuman attacks” with the gallows. Acid attacks have continued, however, to occur sporadically in Iran.

Just two years ago, fourteen people were slightly injured when a man threw acid at them because of family quarrels.

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